Stephen Hawking is the former Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge. He has born in 1942 and died in the late Wednesday 14th March 2018. He is a Cosmologist which is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.
His work on the origins and structure of the universe, from the Big Bang to black holes, helped to explain the breakthrough in this Universe. Stephen Hawking is well known to study of Space and Time, unlike Newton and Einstein who contributed to a wide range of fields, he focused on Cosmology.
Hawking’s life is truly inspirational for many students at Cambridge University where he graduated. He was appointed as a professor at the same place where in he wrote many books to make the students understand the theory of relativity.
In extension to Einstein, Stephen Hawking gave a brief understanding about Black Holes in space by merging Quantum Physics and Cosmology. He says Black holes doesn’t exist forever and they evaporate.
A black hole is a region of space time exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it.
If an astronaut fell into a black hole, according to Einstein’s theory, he or she would simply float past a point known as the “event horizon” with “no drama.”
His Child Hood
Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in Oxford, England, to Frank and Isobel Hawking. His father was a medical researcher. He belonged to a family of well educated people. His mother was one of the first female students to have graduated from the Oxford University.
His father became the head of the Division of Parasitology at the National Institute of Medical Research and went to Africa for research. He wanted him to become a doctor, but Hawking has shown more interest to study Astronomy. He hates Biology but eventually studied for his research on Theory of Relativity with Quantum Physics.
He married undergraduate Jane Wilde in July 1965 and the couple had three children. Robert, Lucy and Timothy. Eventually he divorced Wilde in 1990 and remarried one of his nurses Elaine Mason, in 1995.
Hawking became a member of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge in 1968 and the discoveries of cosmologist, Roger Penrose, on ‘Black Hole’ really fascinated him as he himself was working on the phenomena that was responsible for the origin of the Universe.
His Famous Books:
In 1974, Stephen Hawking found that matter and energy can escape a black hole through what is now known as Hawking radiation. He has explained about Big bang theory and how it should be our approach towards a Black Hole in Universe.
There is a movie based on Stephen Hawking released in 2014. Which tells about his life history and struggle to survive from his deficiency amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
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